Vision impairment, blindness affects 66% of nursing home residents
Approximately 66% of residents in nursing homes have evidence of vision impairment and blindness, according to a study that highlighted the importance of comprehensive eye exams in older adults living in nursing homes.
Researchers conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the records of 7753 residents at nursing homes throughout North Carolina who were ≥65 years of age at the time of the initial patient visit.
Vision impairment was defined as best-corrected visual acuity between 20/40 and 20/200 and blindness as best-corrected visual acuity worse than 20/200.
Of the initial eye examination records included, 34% of the residents had normal vision, 43% had vision impairment, and 23% were blind.
Residents with age-related eye diseases had a higher prevalence of vision impairment and blindness, ranging from 63% to 76% and from 23% to 53%, respectively.
The researchers noted that correction of refractive error reduced vision impairment or blindness.
Monaco W, Qureshi R, Arif A, et al. Risk Factors for Vision Loss among Nursing Home Residents: A Cross-Sectional Analysis. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2022;S1525-8610(22)00828-3. doi: 10.1016/j.jamda.2022.10.018. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36442539.