AMD with visual disability increases risk of developing depression
People with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) are at an increased risk of developing depression, with patients with a related visual disability (VD) at the greatest risk, according to a study.
In this nationwide population-based cohort study from Korea, data from 3,599,589 individuals ≥50 years who participated in a national Health Screening Program were analyzed for the prevalence of AMD, VD, and incidence of depression.
Over an average of 8.52 years, 1,037,088 patients were newly diagnosed with depression. Compared to a control group, patients who had an AMD diagnosis were at a greater risk of developing new depression. Patients with AMD and VD had a further increased risk of developing depression.
Hwang S, Kang SW, Kim SJ, et al. Impact of age-related macular degeneration and related visual disability on the risk of depression: A nationwide cohort study. Ophthalmology. 2023;S0161-6420(23)00058-1. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2023.01.014. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36717001.