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Optometry
Retina

More than 5% of people with diabetes have diabetic macular edema

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Approximately 5.5% of people with diabetes worldwide have diabetic macular edema (DME) highlighting the importance of educating people with diabetes about the early detection of DME through optical coherence tomography (OCT), according to a study.

This analysis examined the worldwide prevalence of DME diagnosed with OCT using 7 published studies.

Countries included in the analysis were classified into low-to-middle-income and high-income countries using World Bank data for subgroup analyses.

The overall, pooled prevalence of DME was 5.47%. Prevalence was 5.81% in low-to-middle-income countries and 5.14% in high-income countries.

Reference
Im JHB, Jin YP, Chow R, Yan P. Prevalence of diabetic macular edema based on optical coherence tomography in people with diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Surv Ophthalmol. 2022;67(4):1244-1251. doi: 10.1016/j.survophthal.2022.01.009. Epub 2022 Jan 31. PMID: 35093404.

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