Conference Roundup

Cataract Surgery in These Patients Improves Quality of Life

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Patients with both wet and dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD) appear to experience significant visual and life quality improvements after undergoing cataract surgery, according to a prospective study involving 95 individuals. Results were presented by Nimesh Patel, MD, a fellow at Bascom Palmer Eye Institute in Miami, in a poster during the American Academy of Ophthalmology’s 2018 annual meeting in Chicago.

All participants underwent cataract surgery; 59% had wet AMD, and the remainder dry AMD. Investigators administered the National Eye Institute (NEI) Visual Function Questionnaire and the Low Vision Visual Functioning Questionnaire (LV VFQ) preoperatively, as well as 1 and 6 months postoperatively.  Among the results:

  • NEI quality of life scores increased from 51.3 preoperatively to 75.0 at 1 month and 77 at 6 months.
  • LV VQF quality of life scores increase from zero preoperatively to 2.3 at 1 month and 2.7 at 6 months.
  • All improvements were statistically significant when correcting for vision in the non-operative eye.
  • This remained the case when looking at a subgroup with visual acuity <20/200.  

Patel N, Gregori N, Rodriguez A, Feuer W, Goldhardt R. Cataract surgery and quality of life using NEI Visual Function Questionnaire with correlation to preoperative potential acuity in patients with AMD. Poster presented at: AAO 2018 annual meeting; October, 26-30, 2018; Chicago.

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