Eyelid Warming Masks vs Artificial Tears: Which Treats Dry Eye Disease Better?
Use of an eyelid warming mask (EWM) significantly decreased Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) scores in contact lens wearers with dry eye symptoms, according to a study published in Contact Lens & Anterior Eye.
In this prospective, randomized, active-controlled trial, 81 participants who had been wearing contact lenses for >1 year, were randomly assigned to the artificial tears group, EWM group, or control group.
Over a period of 4 weeks, in the artificial tear group, a single-use artificial tear was given as needed; in the EWM group, a warm compress using a disposable EWM was applied for 30 minutes before bedtime daily; and in the control group, normal lifestyle without any treatment was maintained. OSDI was checked at baseline and again after 4 weeks.
After the treatment period, there were significantly decreased OSDI scores in the EWM and artificial tears group compared with the control group, but no significant difference between the EWM and artificial tears groups.
Post-treatment Schirmer test scores for the left eye were significantly higher in the 2 treatment groups compared with the control group, but there was no significant difference between the EWM and artificial tears groups. There was no difference between all groups in the post-treatment Schirmer test scores for the right eye.
The authors concluded that contact lens wearers can treat dry eye symptoms by applying a warm compress using an EWM.
Jeon J and Park S. Comparison of the efficacy of eyelid warming masks and artificial tears for dry eye symptoms in contact lens wearers. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2020; [Online ahead of print]. DOI: 10.1016/j.clae.2020.02.013